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Newton had hypothesized that gravity operated through empty space, but his theory could not explain how the information about an object’s mass and distance was transmitted through space. This theory is consistent with Linde's chaotic inflationary theory. Using a crystal of nickel, they diffracted a beam of monoenergetic electrons and showed that the wavelength of the waves is...

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# Quantum Theory

# Solid State Physics: Principles and Modern Applications

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A first and very interesting step toward a real understanding Of quantum theory was taken by Bohr, Kramers and Slater in 192,+. To again quote Schrödinger, “We have … been compelled to dismiss the idea that such a particle is an individual entity which in principle retains its ‘sameness’ forever. Everett's interpretation is perfectly consistent with John Bell 's experiments an...

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# Fish Bioacoustics (Texts and Monographs in Physics)

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We are being asked to simply re-cognize that this is the actual nature of our situation. And, most revolutionary, he recognized the signature of atoms in the measurable thermodynamic properties of heat radiation. There are several attempts to provide an account of when collapse will occur, perhaps the two most famous being observer-induced collapse and spontaneous localization...

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# The Concept of an Atom from Democritus to John Dalton

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But what to do with it?” The message of Parke and Taylor’s single-term result took decades to interpret. “That one-term, beautiful little function was like a beacon for the next 30 years,” Bourjaily said. The point of view advocated by Bohr was labeled "complementarity" by Bohr and its starting point was an insistence that we must describe experiments in classical terms: "...i...

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# Quantum Optomechanics

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There are also important differences. They have also found a “master amplituhedron” with an infinite number of facets, analogous to a circle in 2-D, which has an infinite number of sides. But there’s a problem his theory of information which has stumped physicists and mathematicians in recent years. The possible values for n are integers: The shape of each orbital is usually ...

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# A Condensed Course of Quantum Mechanics

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Einstein called such influences “spooky actions.” They’ve now been demonstrated to exist. The Airy disk has dark rings where the most electrons have struck the photographic plate (the grainy character of the rings clearly indicates their composition of individual particles striking the plate). It is logically complete on this subject, in the sense of As Adolf Hitler stated on...

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# Applications of Noncovariant Gauges in the Algebraic

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Grabert, "Transport in Single Channel Quantum Wires", cond-mat/0107175. However, for position operators there is no remedy analogous to that for field operators: while even unsharply localized particle positions do not exist in QFT (see Halvorson and Clifton 2002, theorem 2), the existence of smeared field operators demonstrates that there are at least point-like field operato...

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# Resonances in Few-Body Systems: Proceedings of the

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When faced with such systems, one usually turns to other approximation schemes, such as the variational method and the WKB approximation. EVERYONE can, yet not everyone "chooses" to. New work on the "morphogenetic field" in biology looks promising; personally, I feel less enthusiasm for cognitive philosophy & AI research. 24. Sixty Second Philosopher: This week our inspired ...

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# An Introduction to Modern Physics

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All these effects and theories proves the dual nature of matter. Even assuming that entangled photons could respond to one another instantly, the correlations between polarization states still violated Leggett’s inequality. Experiments with electron scatter have validated this effect up to 91 GeV collisions, where the electron has an effective electric charge which is 7% highe...

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# Radiative Corrections: RADCOR 98

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We think that grass is green, that stones are hard, and that snow is cold. In all these cases, symmetry can be expressed by certain operations on the systems concerned, which have properties revealed by Group Theory, a rather obscure branch of mathematics that had previously been mainly a curiosity without practical application. The mere possibility of the measurements is enou...

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