1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series by Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh

By Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh

The yr 1929 represents an incredible turning element in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a yr whilst Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves plagued by advancements that came about worldwide, because the crises persisted through different Jews turned a part of the transnational Jewish recognition. within the usa, the inventory industry crash introduced lasting fiscal, social, and ideological adjustments to the Jewish group and restricted its skill to aid humanitarian and nationalist initiatives in different nations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist firm and ignited heated discussions between quite a few Jewish political teams in regards to the knowledge of building a Jewish nation on its historic web site. whilst, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of strength within the palms of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the foreign Communist flow, together with its Jewish branches.  Featuring a gleaming array of students of Jewish background, 1929 surveys the Jewish international in a single yr supplying transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, even if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews through the global lived in an international context. Hasia Diner is Paul S. and Sylvia Steinberg Professor of yank Jewish historical past, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic reports at manhattan college. She is the writer of the award-winning We consider with Reverence and Love: American Jews and the parable of Silence after the Holocaust, 1945-1962 (NYU Press, 2009). Gennady Estraikh is affiliate Professor of Yiddish reports, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic stories at ny University. In the Goldstein-Goren sequence in American Jewish History 

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Additional info for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)

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As individuals they are free from hatred and persecution. 16 Yiddish education flourished in Ukraine, Belorussia, and Russia. The number of Yiddish schools increased from 906 in 1927–28 to 1,203 in 1930–31. Teachers’ training colleges turned out an ever-growing number of Yiddish teachers. In 1929–30, in Ukraine alone 670 future Yiddish teachers studied at four colleges. More than 2,600 students studied at Yiddish agricultural colleges. In addition, there were, for instance, a Yiddish medical college, Yiddish musical, art, and cooperative colleges, a college for political education in Yiddish, and a Yiddish department at a printing college.

9. For a fuller portrait of the organizational infrastructure of American Jewry in this period, see Harry S. Linfield, The Communal Organization of the Jews in the United States, 1927 (New York: American Jewish Committee, 1930). 10. AJY: 5691, 161–98. 11. Shelly Tenenbaum, in A Credit to Their Community: Jewish Loan Societies in the United States, 1880–1945 (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1985), discusses the importance of these kinds of financial institutions in the economic life of American Jewry and notes that in 1929 the New York Hebrew Free Loan Society distributed 9,551 loans, amounting to $1,129,850, with each loan amounting to about $118.

36 << The Stalinist “Great Break” in Yiddishland >> 37 While the number of Jews who achieved access to the most prestigious and lucrative positions in society was growing rapidly through the 1920s, they remained a minority of the general Jewish population. Thus, even when the party’s Jewish membership quadrupled during the years 1922–30 to 76,000, communists made up less than 3 percent of Soviet Jews—or perhaps as much as 10 percent, if one takes into account the communists’ spouses and children.

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