By Dania Abdul Malak, Katriona McGlade, Diana Pascual, Eduard Pla
This booklet examines the water-related affects of weather swap within the UNESCO Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean (IBRM) straddling Spain and Morocco. this can be the 1st in-depth e-book on a desirable transboundary case learn; whereas weather swap results are really homogenous around the IBRM, differing socio-economic contexts, land-use styles and coverage frameworks in Spain and Morocco suggest substantial diversifications in vulnerability and results for human safeguard. The authors have produced a singular and built-in vulnerability review that mixes hydro-ecological, socio-economic and coverage analyses. The interdisciplinary procedure and insights contained during this quantity will attraction either to these attracted to the combination of typical and social sciences in addition to these engaged on water and weather switch from educational, useful or policy-oriented views.
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Extra info for Adapting to Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability and Risks to Human Security in the Western Mediterranean Basin
Indeed, the climate adaptation work programmes that implement the PNACC have focused on strengthening coordination between the administration at the national and autonomous levels, through for example the creation of an expert group (Grupo de Trabajo sobre Impactos y Adaptación, GTIA) and an exchange platform (Plataforma de intercambio de información sobre adaptación, AdapteCCa). The PNACC states within its aims to continuously provide assistance to all interested administrations and organizations, both public and private, in evaluating the impacts of climate change in the respective sector, facilitating evaluation knowledge, tools and methods.
According to future climate projections, the IBRM will experience increased aridity due to lower precipitation levels and higher annual mean temperature. The expected change in the water deﬁcit index (WDI), which relates water availability to potential evapotranspiration (PET), is shown in Fig. 3. When this index is negative, it indicates that available water for vegetation requirements will be limited. The baseline period (Fig. 3a) shows a deﬁcit in water availability across the whole IBRM; here, the deﬁcit gradient decreases with increasing altitude.
4 shows the scenarios proposed for the IBRM. These scenarios were presented in two focus group meetings held in February 2012. 4 Scenarios proposed for the IBRM case study Hydro-climatic scenarios Low impact High impact scenario scenario Similar annual rainfall but with changes in seasonal precipitation patterns (less rain in summer and autumn) Slight increase of mean annual temperature Water management scenarios Resource adaptation Water use prioritization Equitable distribution of water resources Prioritization of water use for a speciﬁc economic sector (tourism in Andalusia and unsustainable agriculture in Morocco) Scenario A Signiﬁcant decrease of annual rainfall (25%) Changes in seasonal precipitation patterns (less rain in summer and autumn) Signiﬁcant increase of mean annual temperature (>2 °C) Scenario B Scenario C Scenario D 20 3 Impact Assessment identify vulnerable groups, and to deﬁne possible adaptation measures in order to ensure hydro-security in the long term.