By Alex de Waal
reading the influence of western mass tradition advocates, Advocacy in Conflict evaluates the successes and screw ups of advocacy campaigns and provides positive feedback of ongoing efforts. Alex de Waal makes use of high-profile case reviews, reminiscent of campaigns concerning democracy, human trafficking, incapacity rights, and land rights to problem the assumptions and agendas that advocacy companies perpetuate.
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Extra info for Advocacy in Conflict: Critical Perspectives on Transnational Activism
Contrasting these campaigns highlights the question of who defines the issue. Such power dynamics drive radical critiques of the international human rights project, such as those of Issa Shivji (1989) and Tony Evans (1998). g. the neglect of ESC and the right of national political autonomy) rather than on the sociological process whereby human rights are produced, prioritized and deployed (see Freeman 2001). Theorists of how diverse political and cultural groups can agree on the concept of rights, and on the substance of many specific human rights, emphasize how consensus on such matters can – indeed must – be achieved without agreement on theory (Sunstein 1999; Taylor 1999).
These movements had ambivalent links to Western human rights movements. On one hand, the right of self-determination was juxtaposed with universal human rights, in such a manner that the achievement of collective freedom from colonial subjugation was a distinct struggle to that of achieving individual rights (Moyn 2010), and on the other, a generation of African liberation leaders was closely associated with the civil rights leaders in the USA, creating a remarkable transcontin ental solidarity and shared ownership (Sutherland and Meyer 2000; De Waal 2003; Bartkowski 2013).
24 | two Anti-colonial solidarity and its variants The history of metro-colonial activism begins in the second half of the eighteenth century with the Quaker-led transatlantic anti-slavery campaign (David 2007), followed by English radicals’ support for American revolutionaries. A century later, Edmund Morel’s campaign against the Belgian king Leopold’s misrule in Congo – a land that neither of the two men ever saw for themselves – provides another famous humanitarian campaign. Non-violent resistance by Mohandas Gandhi, first in South Africa and subsequently in India, probably constitutes the largest such movement in history, and it enjoyed solidarity among metropolitan radicals, notably including Irish nationalists who played an important bridging role.