Africa and the Blues by Gerhard Kubik

By Gerhard Kubik

In 1969 Gerhard Kubik chanced to come across a Mozambican hard work migrant, a miner in Transvaal, South Africa, tapping a cipendani, a mouth-resonated musical bow. A similar software used to be obvious within the fingers of a white Appalachian musician who claimed it as a part of his personal cultural history. via connections like those Kubik discovered that the hyperlink among those far-flung musicians is African-American track, the sound that turned the blues.

Such discoveries display a story of song evolution for Kubik, a cultural anthropologist and ethnomusicologist. touring in Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, and the U.S., he spent 40 years within the box amassing the cloth for Africa and the Blues. during this booklet, Kubik relentlessly strains the distant genealogies of African cultural track via eighteen African countries, in particular within the Western and critical Sudanic Belt.

Included is a entire map of this cradle of the blues, in addition to 31 images accumulated in his fieldwork. the writer additionally provides transparent musical notations and outlines of either African and African American traditions and practices and calls into query the numerous assumptions approximately which parts of the blues have been "European" in starting place and approximately which got here from Africa. specific to this ebook is Kubik's perception into the methods present-day African musicians have followed and enlivened the blues with their very own traditions.

With scholarly care yet with an ease for the overall reader, Kubik proposes a wholly new conception on blue notes and their origins. Tracing what musical qualities got here from Africa and what mutations and mergers happened within the Americas, he indicates that the African American culture we name the blues is actually a musical phenomenon belonging to the African cultural world.

Gerhard Kubik is a professor within the division of ethnology and African reports on the collage of Mainz, Germany. for the reason that 1983 he has been affiliated with the heart for Social study of Malawi, Zomba. he's an everlasting member of the guts for Black track study in Chicago and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of significant Britain and eire, London.

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I. Orbach, P. Kedem, O. Gorchover, A. Apter & S. Tyano, ‘Fears of Death in Suicidal and Nonsuicidal Adolescents’, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1993, Vol. 102, pp. 553-558; P. Patros & T. Shamoo, Depression and Suicide in Children and Adolescents: Prevention, Intervention and Postvention, Allyn and Bacon, Inc, Massachusetts, 1989. 11 M. Hanus, Estudes sur la Mort: L’Adolescent et la Mort, L’Esprit du Temps, Paris, 1998, A. Oliveira, L. Amâncio & D. Sampaio, ‘Arriscar morrer para Sobreviver’, 2001, Análise Psicológica, Vol.

Representations of life as well-being, will to live and, mainly, as personal fulfilment and relation with others are strongly influenced by the opinion, thoughts and images of family and friends, although acquaintances also play an important role. Regarding social representations of death, once again, adolescents reveal the importance of others in their own conceptions. When death is regarded as malaise, and separation (departure) of loved ones, the opinion of family and friends is of great meaning.

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