Agricultural Policies In Oecd Countries At A Glance by OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

By OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

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Producer Support Estimate (PSE) Level and composition over time... Payments based on input constraints, income, etc. Payments based on historical entitlements Payments based on area planted/animal numbers MPS, payments based on output and input use % of gross farm receipts 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 8 19 6 87 19 8 19 8 89 19 9 19 0 91 19 9 19 2 9 19 3 9 19 4 95 19 9 19 6 97 19 9 19 8 99 20 0 20 0 0 20 1 02 20 03 ● Support to producers (% PSE) has fallen from 34% in 1986-88 to 19% in 2001-2003, and stands at twothirds of the OECD average.

46 Percentage PSE Pigmeat Percentage PSE Poultry Percentage PSE Eggs Percentage PSE Other commodities Percentage PSE All commodities Percentage PSE p: provisional. NPC: Nominal Protection Coefficient. NAC: Nominal Assistance Coefficient. The PSE for “other commodities” is the residual of the PSE for all commodities minus the PSE for the commodities listed above. Austria, Finland and Sweden are included in the total for “all commodities” for all years, and in the commodity detail from 1995 (since joining the EU).

Although a series of reforms such as abolition of administered prices for poultry, eggs, sheepmeat and wool was implemented in the 1990’s, the level of support is still high, at 70% PSE in 2003. ● The combined share of market price support, output and input payments in gross farm receipts has fallen from 74% in 1986-88 to 59% in 2001-03. Prices received by farmers in 1986-88 were almost 390% higher than those received in the world market. By 2001-03, the gap had decreased to 270%. ● There were no payments based on historical entitlements in the 1980s but in 2003, such payments totalled ISK 1 276 million.

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