By Nwanz Okidegbe
This sourcebook presents useful advice to policymakers and application planners in international locations and to improvement companies on tips on how to perform or help an agricultural area program—from preliminary discussions, to constructing this system inspiration, to securing large stakeholder involvement, to implementation. It explains the explanations why nations may need to adopt a area or subsector software and describes the stipulations that may aid make sure the program's luck; presents information on the best way to formulate a region method and convey approximately institutional reforms; makes a speciality of middle public quarter actions according to an in depth expenditure evaluate; and indicates methods of encouraging donors to interact less than the management of the associate nation executive.
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Additional info for Agriculture Sector Programs: Sourcebook (World Bank Technical Paper)
3 The large number of visits by donors also strains a country's resources. Meetings with donors reduce the time top officials have to manage the sector. Page 3 Improve the allocation of resources. In many countries, the agriculture sector has suffered from decades of excessive and misguided government intervention. With the latest wave of economic reforms there is a general awareness that governments should concentrate on core activities in areas where the private sector cannot perform effectively.
The importance of the correct policy environment should not be underestimated, especially where bad policies inhibit the uptake of good technology. Interventionist policies and regulations that protect inefficient public sector producers and organizations can be very expensive in terms of lost potential. It has been estimated that the delayed release of a rice variety known as Kalinga III in India, due to the failure of the public sector varietal release mechanisms, has resulted in over US$300 million of annual benefits forgone.
Building capacity of local institutions to plan and implement ASPs is critical to their success. Where ASPs face problems, it is generally because too little attention was paid to building implementation capacity, especially for financial management and monitoring and evaluation. In some countries, the initial phase of an ASP may have to be focused on implementing institutional reforms and building essential capacitynecessary first steps. Page 10 Public Expenditure Review ASPs cover all the activities in the sector or subsector.