American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles) by Donald A. Ritchie

By Donald A. Ritchie

In 60 essays, this quantity profiles American newshounds from colonial instances to the present--reporters, editors, publishers, photographers, and broadcasters--whose careers mirrored significant advancements of their occupation and within the background of the us. In a speech to Newsweek correspondents in 1963, writer Philip Graham defined journalism as "the first tough draft of history." those reporters faced and helped to form the dialogue of significant matters and occasions in American background, from the yank revolution via abolition, westward growth, the Civil warfare, the civil rights move, immigration, and the women's circulate, in addition to significant constitutional concerns regarding the 1st modification safeguard of freedom of the clicking. Biographies of recognized reporters, from Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine to Walter Cronkite and Rupert Murdoch, seem along a few who might be much less wide-spread, equivalent to Elias Boudinot, founding father of the 1st Cherokee language newspaper; Abraham Cahan, editor of the Jewish day-by-day ahead; and Daniel Craig, who within the 1830s used provider pigeons to ferry the inside track. different matters comprise Margaret eco-friendly Draper, the progressive printer; Claude Barnett, founding father of the linked Negro Press; photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White; struggle correspondent Ernie Pyle; and Allen Neuharth, founding father of united states this present day. Illustrations, truth packing containers, and quotations from the topics themselves make this quantity an essential reference for college kids of yank historical past in addition to a desirable learn. reporters profiled contain: Horace Greeley Frederick Douglass Mark Twain Thomas Nast Joseph Pulitzer Nellie Bly William Randolph Hearst Ida Wells-Barnett H. L. Mencken Dorothy Thompson Walter Winchell crimson Smith Edward R. Murrow Walter Cronkite Bernard Shaw Cokie Roberts Manuel de Dios Unanue and plenty of extra

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The Press, Politics, and Patronage: The American Government’s Use of Newspapers, 1789–1875. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1977. Philip Freneau P A T R I O T, P O E T, A N D P R O PAG A N D I S T T he United States was not yet divided between political parties when George Washington became the country’s first President in 1789. Still, deep disagreements existed over how government should be conducted. Washington’s cabinet contained both Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who held starkly opposite views on public policy.

During one encounter on a Philadelphia street, the young, hottempered Benjamin Bache beat the massive John Fenno with his cane. During the summer of 1792, while Washington pondered whether to run for a second term as President, the emerging opposition party known as Republicans feared that Hamilton might succeed to the Presidency. Freneau’s National Gazette launched a fierce attack on Hamilton and his economic programs. After taking the abuse quietly at first, Hamilton decided to retaliate. He called Fenno into his library to dictate a small piece questioning whether Freneau’s employment as a State Department clerk was just a cover to underwrite his newspaper publishing.

Lovejoy had traveled only as far as Boston when he ran out of money. Unable to find a job there, he walked to New York City. ” In New York he found a temporary job selling newspaper subscriptions. Finally, a loan from a friend helped him to head west by boat and by wagon, with long stretches of walk- 5 2 • A M E R I C A N J O U R N A L I S T S ing between rides. He eventually reached the Mississippi. Since Missouri had no public schools at the time, Lovejoy went to St. Louis to open a school. The school was a financial success, and in 1830 he invested some of his profits in a half interest in the St.

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