Americans in Sumatra by James W. Gould

By James W. Gould

There is a typical trust that until eventually lately american citizens have most popular isolation to curiosity in distant components resembling Southeast Asia. This thesis may be demonstrated by way of analyzing the historical past of yank family with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the USA. this sort of land is Sumatra. it's one of many biggest islands on this planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile region exceeds that of the 3rd greatest American nation, California, and is bigger than Italy. mendacity midway worldwide from the USA, its I050 mile size is nearly divided through the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. first of all, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This was once confirmed in I942 whilst the us stationed planes on Sumatra in an try to stem the japanese enhance southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from japanese Asia to Europe and the jap usa. Sumatra's southern tip types one aspect of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be­ tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest direction among the a ways East and the Western global from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.

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Du. Ger. 18 May 1860 8 Dec. 1867 4 Oct. 1877 21 Sept. 1878 I Dec. 1882 2 Jan. 1884 Gustav Thevenot Clemens Boon Cornelis G. Veth Ger. Du. Du. 20 May 1892 I June 1893 Hinrich J. P. Haacke Hinrich J. P. Haacke Cornelis G. Veth Johann Schild J ohan C. Bijleveld A. E. Simon Thomas Louis von Hemert Du. Du. Du. Aust. Du. Du. Ger. 16 Sept. 1897 16 Feb. 1898 15 March 1900 21 Maxch 1906 13 Apr. 1910 4 March 19I4 30 Sept. 1859 (Vacant: c. I February 1916 - 21 June 1917) Horace E. Dickinson Am. 21 July 1917 (Vacant: 5 January 1918 - 15 July 1918) (Vacant 25 July 1918 - 13 May 1919) Consul Algar E.

291; Lasker, Bruno. Human Bondage in Southeast Asia (Chapel Hill: Univ. of N. Carolina Press, 1950), pp. 223. 374· 74 Oct. 8, 1931; Boeke, J. , The Structure of Netherlands Indian Economy (New York: Institute of Pacific Relations, 1942), pp. 149-150. 76 Thompson, Virginia, Labor Problems in Southeast Asia (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1947), p. 153; Emerson, Rupert, Malaysia: A Study in Direct and Indirect Rule (New York: Macmillan, 1937), p. 46. 6 Schadee, II, p. S. customs figures do not show this, but they do show direct shipments in 1885/6 (4,289 pounds, $ 3,518), 1887/8 (73,674 pounds, $ 72,941), 1895/6 (15,741 pounds $ 20,299) and 1899/1900 (15,388 pounds, $ 18,476).

308, 310). 49 After long hearings under chairman Sam McReynolds (D. 50 As a sop to Americans a representative of United States tin consumers was invited in August 1934 to attend meetings of the International Tin Committee, but without voting rights. S. government observer, also without a vote, was added. 51 American imports of tin rose, independently of, or perhaps in spite of the tin restrictions, for American industrial recovery was the main factor in restoring tin prices. S. consumer, who had to absorb the cost of inefficient mining units, the expense of administration of the restriction mechanism, and an unreasonable profit to the seller.

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