Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Religion by Michael Banton

By Michael Banton

Because the uncomplicated questions of social constitution have been elucidated there got here a quickening of curiosity between social anthropologists within the examine of faith. Chapters during this ebook contain: · faith as a Cultural process (Clifford Geertz) · color type in Ndembu faith (Victor W. Turner) · faith: difficulties of Definition and clarification (Melford E. Spiro) · Fathers, Elders and Ghosts in Edo faith (R.E. Bradbury) · Territorial Groupings and Relgion one of the Iraqw (Edward H. Winter). First released in 1966.

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Thus, certain traits in a population may become common, or even dominant, by chance processes, known as genetic drift. Chance sorting of neutral alleles over many generations may lead them to become common, just as the toss of a coin may occasionally produce “heads” five times out of six. Remember that this scenario assumes that many alleles (and traits) are selectively neutral. If, through a change of environmental conditions, such traits lose that neutrality, they will then be either removed or favored by natural selection, depending on whether they are advantageous or disadvantageous.

There could be no evolutionary change (Fig. 2). It was the absence of this condition that made Lamarckism an unworkable theory of evolution. There must, third, be variation within the population. Even if the first two conditions are fulfilled, if each individual in the population is phenotypically and genetically identical, then natural selection cannot operate. Differential survival will have no effect because all individuals are the same, and so each generation will be identical. ” This was in fact also one of the principal lines of evidence employed against the theory of a special creation of immutable types – if God had created a number of types of plant and animal, then unless he or she was incompetent there was no reason why they should vary at all.

Phylogenetic or historical question: from what other trait did it evolve? 4 Tinbergen’s four evolutionary questions: Evolutionary explanations may address different issues. With respect to speech and language, explanations may be in terms of: understanding the anatomical mechanics of speech production; phylogenetic history; development; and adaptive success. ) relative to those that did not have this capacity, or in whom it was less effective. And finally there are explanations in terms of what might be the evolutionary antecedents of speech – whether it is derived from primate vocalizations, or adapted from gestural language, and so on.

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