By Richard C Brown
This e-book is a background, research, and feedback of what the writer calls postmodern interpretations of technological know-how (PIS) and the heavily comparable sociology of medical wisdom (SSK). This circulation lines its starting place to Thomas Kuhn's innovative paintings, The constitution of medical Revolutions (1962), yet is extra severe. It believes that technology is a social development , having little to do with nature, and relies on contextual forces corresponding to the race, type, gender of the scientist, laboratory politics, or the wishes of the army commercial complicated. because the Seventies, PIS has develop into trendy within the humanities, social sciences, and ethnic or women's experiences, in addition to within the new educational self-discipline of technological know-how, expertise, and Society (STS). it's been attacked via a number of authors and the ensuing conflicts ended in the so-called technological know-how Wars of the Nineties. whereas the current ebook can also be serious of PIS, it specializes in its highbrow and political origins and attempts to appreciate why it grew to become influential within the Seventies. The booklet is either an highbrow and a political heritage. It examines the recommendations of Karl Popper, Karl Mannheim, Ludwik Fleck, Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, David Bloor, Steve Woolgar, Steve Shapin, Bruno Latour, and PIS-like doctrines in arithmetic. It additionally describes quite a few philosophical contributions to PIS starting from the Greek sophists to twentieth century post-structuralists and argues that the disturbed political surroundings of the Vietnam conflict period was once severe to the increase of PIS. Contents: Rip van Winkle Awakes; A Golden Age and Its finish; constituents within the PIS Bouillabaisse; A Canary within the Mine; The Unmasking of cause; idea types and proposal Collectives; The Reluctant innovative; whatever is going; The Sociological assault; The Deconstruction of arithmetic; Epistemic matters; The Fallibility of Conventionalism and Fallibilism; Madison in 1973; Kto Kogo?.
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Extra resources for Are Science And Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science (Nonlinear Science)
A related consequence of this view, developed especially by Richard Rorty,6 is that the traditional epistemological project of finding a body of self-evident truths mirroring a mind-independent world that can serve as a secure foundation of knowledge is bankrupt. For Rorty all this means that we should give up the search for truth since it cannot be established by comparison with a mind or culture independent reality and replace it by hermeneutics. Philosophy is a continuing “conversation” aimed at persuasion, not a discipline that can discover truth.
Perhaps as the field continues to mature they will be replaced, as in the earlier case of computer science, by people having degrees in the field. 28 Levine February 4, 2009 10:17 World Scientific Book - 9in x 6in Rip van Winkle Awakes PostmodernSci 17 Moreover, constructivism, attacks on the objectivity, status, or epistemological privileging of science, and a general radicalism30 have spread beyond departments associated with STS and are now found throughout the humanities; they particularly infest English, Cultural Studies, Comparative Literature, and even as we pointed out above the History of Science.
See Sokal and Bricmont (1998), p. 200. 24 Rorty (1995), p. 32. February 4, 2009 10:17 World Scientific Book - 9in x 6in Rip van Winkle Awakes PostmodernSci 15 so-called “sociology of knowledge” (henceforth “SK”) mainly developed by Karl Mannheim (1892–1947). Whether or not it is a really a variety of PIS in the sense that it shares the postmodern characteristics of the latter is debatable. Certainly, the two are “postmodern” in the trivial chronological sense. Yet, as we shall see below, SSK thinks of itself as a full fledged “science of science” which obtains objective knowledge about science (just as science purports to obtain objective knowledge about nature); this is a thoroughly “modern” rather than a “postmodern” attitude.