By Katy Börner
Maps of actual areas find us on this planet and support us navigate strange routes. Maps of topical areas support us visualize the level and constitution of our collective wisdom; they demonstrate bursts of job, pathways of principles, and borders that beg to be crossed. This booklet, from the writer of Atlas of technology, describes the ability of topical maps, supplying readers with ideas for visualizing wisdom and supplying as examples 40 large-scale and greater than a hundred small-scale full-color maps.
Today, information literacy is changing into as very important as language literacy. Well-designed visualizations can rescue us from a sea of knowledge, assisting us to make feel of knowledge, attach rules, and make greater judgements in actual time. In Atlas of data, top visualization professional Katy Börner makes the case for a structures technology method of technology and know-how reviews and explains differing types and degrees of study. Drawing on fifteen years of training and gear improvement, she introduces a theoretical framework intended to steer readers via consumer and job research; facts practise, research, and visualization; visualization deployment; and the translation of technological know-how maps. To exemplify the framework, the Atlas good points notable and enlightening new maps from the preferred “Places & areas: Mapping Science” convey that variety from “Key occasions within the improvement of the Video Tape Recorder” to “Mobile Landscapes: position facts from cellphones for city Analysis” to “Literary Empires: Mapping Temporal and Spatial Settings of Victorian Poetry” to “Seeing criteria: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe.” She additionally discusses the prospective influence of technological know-how maps at the perform of technological know-how.
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Additional info for Atlas of Knowledge: Anyone Can Map
Kruskal, and others developed multidimensional scaling methods to convert ordinal into ratio scales. See page 178, References & Credits, for details. Mathematical Operations Stevens distinguished types of scale based on the type of logical mathematical operations that are permissible. Major operations for all four types are given in the top-right table. Check marks indicate permitted operations, whereas cross-outs indicate that particular operations cannot be performed with the given data type.
Among them are William Playfair’s The Commercial and Political Atlas; Jacques Bertin’s Semiology of Graphics; John Tukey’s practical epistemology; William Cleveland’s combination of statistical and experimental evidence; Howard Wainer’s work on history, statistics, and graphics; Edward Tufte’s many examples of good design in Beautiful Evidence; Leland Wilkinson’s codification of the structure of graphics in The Grammar of Graphics; and additional works from psychology, cartography, statistics, and other sciences that use data analysis and visualization, graphic design, and illustration to support decision making.
Basically, visualization design comprises the selection of a base map reference system and the design of data overlays (see subsequent section). Deployment requires selecting an output medium and designing appropriate visual combinations and interactivity. Each of these subtasks or selections impacts all others. , when using a world map, only general country outlines and few labels can be shown) and the number of data records that can be visualized; it also increases the need for effective interactivity design.