Bannockburn: The Scottish Wars and the British Isles by Michael Brown

By Michael Brown

The conflict of Bannockburn, fought at the fields south of Stirling at midsummer 1314, is the simplest recognized occasion within the background of Medieval Scotland. It was once a special occasion. The conflict of 2 armies, each one led by way of a king, a transparent problem to a conflict to figure out the prestige of Scotland and its survival as a separate realm. As a key element within the Anglo-Scottish wars of the fourteenth century, the conflict has been generally mentioned, yet Bannockburn used to be additionally a pivotal occasion within the historical past of the British Isles. This ebook analyses the line to Bannockburn, the crusade of 1314 and the aftermath of the struggle. It demonstrates that during either its context and legacy the conflict had a principal importance within the shaping of countries and identities within the overdue Medieval British Isles.

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40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. B Scotland, 1303–1305’, 127–43, in M. Prestwich, R. Britnell and R. Frame (eds), Thirteenth-Century England, vi (Woodbridge, 1997), 127–43; F. Watson, Under the Hammer: Edward I and Scotland, 1286–1307 (East Linton, 1997). , ii, no. 1762; v, no. 492 (v), (vi), (ix), (x); Duncan, ‘War of the Scots’, 137–8. , ii, no. 1782. , ii, no. 1779; v, nos 472 (p), 492 (xvi); The Bruce, ed. Duncan, 90. , v, no. 492 (v), (vi), (ix), (x); Duncan, ‘War of the Scots’, 137–8.

30 Bruce’s plan would not have been a complete surprise to his enemies. Since March there had been signs of anxiety and preparations in the north and north-east which suggest an awareness of potential support for Robert in the region. However, though Bruce did have influential allies in the north, his aim of winning control of the region was not an easy one. 31 In a region traditionally dominated by great magnate families, the leading nobles were almost all opposed to him. From John of Lorn in northern Argyll, to William earl of Ross, whose province stretched from the Moray Firth to Skye, to the leading barons of Moray and Aberdeenshire, like David Strathbogie earl of Atholl, Duncan Frendraught and Gilbert Glencairnie, there was a hostile coalition facing Bruce.

Barrow, Robert Bruce, 123–4. R. R. Davies, Lordship and Society in the March of Wales, 1282–1400 (Oxford, 1978), 15–85. Davies, Lordship and Society, 35–40; R. R. Davies, Age of Conquest: Wales 1063–1415 (Oxford, 1987), 363, 370–1. R. R. Davies, The First English Empire, 26–8, 172–3; R. Frame, The Political Development of the British Isles, 142–3; Thomas Wright’s Political Songs of England, ed. P. Coss (Cambridge, 1996), 380. Frame, Political Development, 144–68. Davies, Lordship and Society, 80–3; Watson, Under the Hammer, 66–7.

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