Being a philosopher : the history of a practice by D W Hamlyn

By D W Hamlyn

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E. bound by the rules of the order). But ‘secular’ students were admitted also, and institutions or colleges were set up for the benefit of poor students of this kind. This was the case with the Sorbonne which was founded in about 1257, and some Oxford colleges had a similar origin. Merton College was the first college at Oxford to lay down statutes for its corporate life, and it excluded ‘regulars’. e. at the end of the thirteenth century, there was a long queue of qualified bachelors waiting to give their inaugural lecture in order to become regent masters, and as there was only one Franciscan chair regent masters held the chair for one year only.

It was natural that the rediscovery of Plato, or at any rate Platonism, should play some part in that. DUNS SCOTUS AND OCKHAM We have not reached the end of the Middle Ages with Aquinas. He was, as we have seen, a Dominican. The two great thirteenth/ fourteenth-century philosophers, Duns Scotus and William of Ockham, were both Franciscans, and, as it happened, both were British by origin. Duns Scotus was almost certainly born in Scotland about 1266, while William of Ockham was born in Surrey about 1285.

It has also been suggested that Aristotle’s library was the prototype of the great libraries which were set up in the Hellenistic period at, for example, Alexandria and Pergamum. His actual books were bequeathed to Theophrastus, who left his library, including Aristotle’s books, to Neleus, who in turn removed them to his native city of Scepsis in the Troad. ) They eventually came into the possession of Apellicon of Teos who published them in Athens in a corrupt form. The first proper edition of the Aristotelian works was produced by Andronicus of Rhodes in the second half of the first century BC, on the basis, at least in part, of the texts previously possessed by Apellicon which were brought to Rome by Sulla in 86 BC.

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