Botanophilia in Eighteenth-Century France: The Spirit of the by R.L. Williams

By R.L. Williams

The booklet describes the concepts that enabled botany, within the Eighteenth century, to turn out to be an self sustaining technological know-how, autonomous from medication and herbalism. This encompassed the improvement of a competent procedure for plant class and the discovery of a nomenclature that may be universally utilized and understood. the most important that enabled Linnaeus to plan his category process was once the invention of the sexuality of crops. The ebook, that is meant for the expert basic reader, proceeds to demonstrate what number features of French existence have been permeated by means of this revolution in botany among approximately 1760 to 1815, a botanophilia occasionally inflated into botanomania. The reader should still emerge with a clearer figuring out of what the Enlightenment truly used to be not like a few renowned second-hand principles today.

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Additional info for Botanophilia in Eighteenth-Century France: The Spirit of the Enlightenment

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This loss has been the most unbearable for everyone who had the good fortune to know hirn. He was the most communicative, the most enlightened man in France. To the most extensive knowledges, he joined a love of mankind and the most touching simplicity. " 17 His work was carried on by others, if not at the Petit Trianon. Marie-Antoinette made her first sojourn there in April of 1779. While no one has ever doubted that she loved flowers, or that she commissioned the English garden, or that she appreciated the flower paintings ofRedoute, it has to be admitted that her interest was entirely aesthetic and fashionable.

2-4; Philip C. Ritterbush, Overtures to Biology: The Speculations 01 Eighteenth-Century Naturalists (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1964), pp. lled on 30 September of that year when Bernard de Jussieu assumed the position of sousdemonstrateur des plants. His elder brother, Antoine, Vaillant's old riyal, had arranged this more congenial appointment. While nepotism was so common in the 18th century as to make the appointment unexceptional, its novelty proved to be the striking competence of the appointee.

Colas, 1810), p. 192; Henri Daudin, De Linne aJussieu, methodes de fa classification et idee de sme en botanique et en zoologie (1740-1790) (Paris: FelixAlcan, 1926), p. 121. Condorcet, Oeuvres 3: 233-234. " Bull. Soc. , Belles-Lettres, Arts, ~r 27 (1859): 293. Louis Gerard, Flora Gallo-Provineialis (Paris: C. J. B. Bauche, 1761). 42-Botanophilia in I8th-Century France: The Spirit ofthe Enlightenment In developing family names, Linnaeus had drawn upon one trait characteristic of a family. Gerard borrowed a good number of the Linnaean family names, more than Bemard de Jussieu had; but he followed that Linnaean practice when providing 20 ofhis 63 families with new names.

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