By Fereidoon Shahidi, Paul Kolodziejczyk, John R. Whitaker, Agustin Lopez Munguia, Glenn Fuller
Subject matters during this groundbreaking complaints comprise: the manipulation of genes in vegetation which will produce wanted food-related compounds, novel vaccines and healing reagents, larger total vegatables and fruits, superior dietary caliber, and prevention of difficulties affecting the standard of plant meals. common ideas are awarded on how you can successfully procedure the bioengineering of a plant for greater houses through growing arsenals of assorted cloned genes for enzymes from plant algae, fungal, and bacterial assets.
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Extra resources for Chemicals via Higher Plant Bioengineering
Knutzon, D. ; Thompson, G. ; Radke, S. ; Johnson, W. ; Knauf, Y. ; Kridl, J. C. Modification of Brassica seed oil by antisense expression of a stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1992, 89, 2624-2628. ; Shanklin, l Crystal structure ofa delta-9 stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase from castor seed and its relationship to other di-iron proteins. EMBO Journal 1996, 15, 4081-4092. Moloney, M. ; Sharma, K High efficiency transformation of Brassica napus using Agrobacterium vectors.
The vast majority of the major oilseed crops are grown for the production of bulk commodities. Following harvesting, seed batches from different farms are stored together in large mills and are then bulk-crushed in a continuous process, often involving millions of tonnes of oil. This large-scale continuous processing and the treatment of vegetable oils as a commodity to be traded by the tanker load achieves considerable economies of scale. As can be seen in Table 3, there are currently at least 10 transgenic varieties of rapeseed and soybean which have been or are nearing commercial release.
U, Lem N. ; Kluwer: Dordrecht, 1997; pp 6-10. ; Heimer, Y. M. Biosynthesis of eicosapentaenoic acid in the microalga Porphyridium cruentum. I: The use of externally supplied fatty acids. Lipids 1996,31, 1277-1282. Somerville, C. The physical map of an Arabidopsis chromosome. Trends in Plant Sci 1996, 1, 2. ; Williamson, G. Dietary glucosinolates as blocking agents against carcinogenesis: glucosinolate breakdown products assessed by induction of quinone reductase activity in murine hepalclc7 cells.