China's Last Empire: The Great Qing (History of Imperial by William T. Rowe

By William T. Rowe

In a brisk revisionist heritage, William Rowe demanding situations the traditional narrative of Qing China as a decadent, inward-looking country that didn't continue speed with the fashionable West. the good Qing was once the second one significant chinese language empire governed by means of foreigners. 3 robust Manchu emperors labored diligently to safe an alliance with the conquered Ming gentry, even though a lot of their social edicts—especially the requirement that ethnic Han males put on queues—were fiercely resisted. As advocates of a “universal” empire, Qing rulers additionally completed an immense growth of the chinese language realm over the process 3 centuries, together with the conquest and incorporation of Turkic and Tibetan peoples within the west, colossal migration into the southwest, and the colonization of Taiwan. regardless of this geographic diversity and the accompanying social and monetary complexity, the Qing excellent of “small executive” labored good while outdoors threats have been minimum. however the nineteenth-century Opium Wars compelled China to turn into a participant in a predatory foreign contest related to Western powers, whereas the devastating uprisings of the Taiping and Boxer rebellions signaled an pressing desire for inner reform. finished state-mandated adjustments in the course of the early 20th century weren't sufficient to carry again the nationalist tide of 1911, yet they supplied a brand new origin for the Republican and Communist states that may stick to. This unique, thought-provoking background of China’s final empire is a must-read for realizing the demanding situations dealing with China at the present time. (20091204)

Show description

Read or Download China's Last Empire: The Great Qing (History of Imperial China) PDF

Best other eastern religions & sacred texts books

Jainism: An Introduction

Jainism conjures up photographs of clergymen donning face-masks to guard bugs and mico-organisms from being inhaled. Or of Jains sweeping the floor in entrance of them to make sure that residing creatures aren't inadvertently overwhelmed: a convention of non-violence so radical as to defy effortless comprehension. but for all its obvious exoticism, Jainism remains to be little understood within the West.

The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic Iran: Rural Revolt and Local Zoroastrianism

Patricia Crone's most modern e-book is set the Iranian reaction to the Muslim penetration of the Iranian nation-state, the revolts thus brought on there, and the spiritual groups that those revolts published. The e-book additionally describes a posh of spiritual rules that, notwithstanding diverse in area and volatile over the years, has proven a amazing patience in Iran throughout a interval of 2 millennia.

The Indian Way: An Introduction to the Philosophies & Religions of India

There is not any different ebook that explains either the philosophies and religions of India of their complete historic improvement. The Indian method is obtainable to starting scholars, and does justice to the Indian tradition’s richness of spiritual and philosophical notion. transparent and robust factors of yajna and dharma, and attractive, intimate descriptions of Krishna, Kali, and Shiva permit scholars to learn a few of the nice Indian texts for themselves.

Additional info for China's Last Empire: The Great Qing (History of Imperial China)

Example text

Although officials were, almost of necessity, wealthy landholders and lineage leaders in their own right, their economic and social power centered on their distant native place, not on the jurisdiction where they served at the pleasure of their imperial master. A field official was never allowed to serve in his home district or even province, and in the system of checks and balances he was never governance 39 paired with or adjacent to a relative or even a fellow provincial. An official of registered Chinese ethnicity would most often find himself serving with others of Manchu or Mongol registry, and vice versa.

These brokers charged a commission to merchants for their service in regulating the local market and then paid a percentage of their take to the state for their license. The state also received revenue from its monopoly on the production and distribution of salt—the one essential consumer item—and derived further income from the mining sector, especially the monetary metals silver and copper. Other irregular, miscellaneous sources of revenue included confiscations of property in the form of fines, “contributions” solicited from wealthy individuals to finance various public projects, and sales of civil service degrees and official posts (most often nominal ones) to finance the state’s impressive system of relief granaries in each locality.

2 governance w h i l e the Great Qing was an empire encompassing many disparate peoples, it was also a dynasty (guo) in the Chinese imperial tradition, and its ruling house confronted many of the same problems faced by its predecessors. , had demonstrated throughout its long history that it could be conquered but not permanently fragmented. Some self-righting mechanism seemed to dictate that periods of breakdown would be followed by longer eras of reintegration. The empire had been able to sustain its enormous size in the area known as “China proper” or “Inner China” for over two millennia.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.09 of 5 – based on 24 votes