Citizen participation in science policy by James C. Petersen

By James C. Petersen

The 1st book-length research of citizen participation within the formula of medical and technical coverage. Twelve essays and case stories study very important examples of citizen activism, position them in the context of bigger participatory events, discover the range of types citizen participation might take, and examine new choices for public involvement. exact realization is given to public overall healthiness coverage and nuclear energy improvement. extra individuals are: Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Barry Checkoway, Daryl Chubin, Diana Dutton, Rachelle Hollander, John P. Hunt, Neil H. Katz, Sheldon Krimsky, Jane Kronick, Dorothy Nelkin, Alan Porter, Frederick A. Rossini, Randy Rydell, and Vandana Shiva.

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In other cases, the government facilitated citizen participation efforts. For example, the National Science Foundation's Science for Citizens Program established a series of pilot Science for Citizens Centers to provide technical assistance to citizens who wanted significant input in the policy-making process. In many instances, public participation was more emergent. Citizens became concerned about airport siting, landfill locations, toxic waste disposal, and Page 3 a host of other issues, and attempted to influence policy both through traditional means such as public hearings and petitions or through varied forms of protest.

The notion that the publiclike government and industryshould have scientific advisers was a central theme in the public interest science movement of the 1970s (von Hippel and Primack, 1972; Primack and von Hippel, 1974). Since the early 1970s, some professional societiesmost notably the American Association for the Advancement of Sciencehave become more concerned with the issue of the social responsibilities of scientists. Public interest scientists have founded a few organizational bases, as in the Union of Concerned Scientists, the Center for Science in the Public Interest, and the various Public Interest Research Groups.

Petersen 1 2. Science and Technology Policy and the Democratic Process Dorothy Nelkin 18 II Varieties of Citizen Participation 3. Beyond Technocracy: New Routes for Citizen Involvement in Social Risk Assessment Sheldon Krimsky 43 4. Public Participation and Professionalism in Impact Assessment Frederick A. Rossini And Alan L. Porter 62 5. Institutionalizing Public Service Science: Its Perils and Promise Rachelle Hollander 75 6. The Legitimacy of People's Participation in the Formulation of Science and Technology Policy: Some Lessons from the Indian Experience Jayanta Bandyopadhyay and Vandana Shiva 96 III Case Studies Health Policy 7.

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