Comparing Religions Through Law: Judaism and Islam by Jacob Neusner

By Jacob Neusner

Evaluating Religions via legislations deals a flooring- breaking learn which compares those religions via shared dominant constructions. in terms of Judaism and Islam the dominant constitution is law.Comparing Religions via legislations provides an leading edge and occasionally debatable examine of the comparisons and contrasts among the 2 religions and gives an instance of ways comparative spiritual reviews provides grounds for mutual knowing.

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Sample text

That is why special rules for the cult, both in respect to the altar and in regard to the maintenance of the buildings, personnel, and even the whole city, will be elsewhere—in Appointed Times and Agriculture. But from the perspective of holy things, those divisions intersect by supplying special rules and raising extraordinary (Agriculture: land-bound; Appointed Times: time-bound) considerations for that theme which holy things claims to set 30 DOCUMENTS OF JUDAISM AND ISLAM forth in its most general and unexceptional way: the cult as something permanent and everyday.

So at stake in this odd passage is a very familiar debate. It specifically concerns the old philosophical problem of the acorn and the oak, the egg and the chicken, the potential and the actual. Discourse takes place at three dimensions all at once: (1) through how things are said, (2) through what is said, and (3) through what lies beneath the surface of things as well. Now let us turn to the topical program—the category formation—of the halakhah, which the Mishnah defines for the classical statement of Judaism.

The House of Shammai say that once you have smoked out the bees, you have access to the honey. What is potential is treated as equivalent to what is actual. Since you can get at the honey, the honey can be useful to you and so is susceptible. The House of Hillel say that only when you have actually broken the honeycombs by a concrete deed is the honey susceptible. What is potential is not taken into account, only what is actual. So at stake in this odd passage is a very familiar debate. It specifically concerns the old philosophical problem of the acorn and the oak, the egg and the chicken, the potential and the actual.

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