By Joseph Kostiner
This publication analyzes 4 major episodes of clash and protection that have affected the Gulf sector over the past 3 many years: the Iran-Iraq warfare (1980-1988), which effected the Gulf Cooperation Council from an in depth, neighborly distance; the Iraq-Kuwait conflict (1990-1991), which constituted an try and invade the GCC and get rid of certainly one of its member states, Kuwait; next makes an attempt to reestablish a neighborhood inter-state balance within the Gulf (during the mid-1990s, nearly) and the struggle of Islamic terrorism opposed to Saudi Arabia.
Read Online or Download Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region PDF
Similar middle eastern books
The Islamic center East is a unprecedented, thought-provoking account of the origins, nature, and evolution of Islam that gives a historic viewpoint important to knowing the modern center East.
During this ebook Russell Leng examines the habit of countries in 40 militarized crises taking place among 1816 and 1980. He employs a mass of empirical information to contemplate the stipulations below which crises enhance to battle or are resolved peacefully, and means that the best bargaining method is person who takes into consideration either the dictates of strength politics, and different, much less rational, political and mental elements.
Islam and jap African Novel makes use of Islam as lens by which to ascertain fiction produced in a specific a part of Africa, renewing conceptual and definitional conversations approximately race, country, coloniality, diaspora, and the unconventional shape itself in an African and postcolonial context.
- The Life and Work of Jalaluddin Rumi
- Kahlil Gibran: Man and Poet
- Notes from the Minefield: United States Intervention in Lebanon, 1945-1958 (History and Society of the Modern Middle East)
- Operation Eichmann: The Truth about the Pursuit, Capture and Trial
- The Future of Political Islam, 1st Edition
- On Aristotle's ""Metaphysics"": An Annotated Translation of the So-called ""Epitome (Scientia Graeco-Arabica)
Additional resources for Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region
However, the Ottomans permitted the Shi‘i holy cities of Najaf and Karbala – containing the respective shrines of Imam Ali and Imam Hussein – to operate as semi-autonomous regions. This changed in 1968 with the new Ba’ath resurgence in Baghdad. The secular Ba’ath regime shut down a theological college in Najaf, harassed Shi‘i ulama, and permitted the sale of alcohol in the Shi’a holy cities. The Shi‘i clergy resisted and were repressed. In the late 1950s, a secret Shi‘i resistance group called Al Daawa al Islamiya (The Islamic Resistance Call) was formed.
Abdulghani, pp. 196-200. 48 Part One: The Iran-Iraq War Arab cultural heritage. Further, they viewed Khomeini’s radical ideology as a fanatical Shi‘i strain of Islam, at odds with the true beliefs of the religion. On a pragmatic level, Iraqi Ba’athist ideology relied on Arab nationalism to unite a diverse Iraqi population threatened by sectarian, ethnic, and religious divisions. The Ba’athist principles appealed to a greater Arab nation, which could unite Shi‘i and Kurdish majorities behind a ruling Sunni minority.
Severe border clashes followed this declaration, and on 19 September 1980 Iran announced that it had lost two fighter planes in clashes with Iraq along the Shatt alArab. The Iranian military reserves were activated and heavy fighting was reported along the Shatt al-Arab. On 21 September 1980, the Iraqis shelled the Iranian port of Khorramshahr, and Iranian planes attacked Basra. By 22 September 1980, Iraq had launched a full air invasion into Iran, striking at key strategic military locations. In September 1980, Iran’s leadership was still trying to consolidate its domestic power.