Cooperation, Clusters, and Knowledge Transfer: Universities by Frank Lasch, Frank Robert, Frédéric Le Roy, Roy Thurik

By Frank Lasch, Frank Robert, Frédéric Le Roy, Roy Thurik (auth.), João J.M. Ferreira, Mário Raposo, Roel Rutten, Attila Varga (eds.)

Cooperation and clusters became the guiding paradigms for explaining and selling nearby competitiveness, however the cooperation technique among agencies and universities and the move of data in guiding and nurturing nearby competitiveness has acquired particularly little realization. This e-book strives to fill this hole in highlighting the relationship among inter-firm cooperation in nearby clusters, innovation and nearby networks, and the function of universities in them . It is going past the normal financial strategy of clusters and comprises ‘soft components’ within the clarification of local competitiveness, and connects the literature on clusters to the literature of studying and information production as resources of local competitiveness. It goals to foster a world and interdisciplinary trade of views by way of featuring present advancements, case reviews, most sensible practices in addition to new built-in theoretical techniques and applications.

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1 New Products Development The value of social capital as an enabler depends on the willingness of exchange partners to engage in two-way interaction. The knowledge that firms can derive 2 The Role of Science and Technology Parks in the Generation of Firm Level. . 25 SOCIAL CAPITAL Structural dimension University-Industry relations Firm performance: Relational dimension Cognitive dimension New product development Fig. 1 Theoretical model of social capital. Source: Adapted from Adler and Kwon (2002) from their relationships may be particularly valuable for the development of new products and services (von Hippel 1988).

2001). In line with the above arguments we can postulate that: Hypothesis 3. The higher the level of social capital in university–firm relationships, the more distinctive will be the knowledge acquisition of the firm. 4 Firm Reputation In social capital literature some researchers support the idea that social capital generates a better firm’s reputation (Wiedman and Hennings 2006). Their assumptions are that the more information a customer has about a tenant firm located in a science park, the more authoritatively it will be able to detail to other potential customers the benefits and strengths of dealing with the firm, thus improving the reputation of this firm.

Garnsey E, Heffernan P (2005) High-technology clustering through spin-out and attraction: the Cambridge case. Reg Stud 39(8):1127–1144 Gertler MS (2003) Tacit knowledge and the economic geography of context, or the undefinable tacitness of being (there). J Econ Geogr 3:75–99 Greenan N (1994) L’organisation du travail dans les PMI se distingue-t-elle de celle des grandes entreprises? Econ Stat 271/272:87–103 Guesnier B (1994) Regional variation in new firm formation in France. Reg Stud 28:347–358 Hansen EL (1995) Entrepreneurial networks and organizational growth.

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