By Nancy E. Snow
Although advantage ethics is having fun with a resurgence, the subject of advantage cultivation has been mostly overlooked through philosophers. This quantity treatments this hole, that includes usually new essays, commissioned for this assortment, via philosophers, theologians, and psychologists on the vanguard of study into advantage. each one contribution specializes in a few point of advantage improvement, both by means of highlighting advantage cultivation inside of unique traditions of moral or non secular notion, or via taking a developmental point of view to yield clean insights into criticisms of advantage ethics, or through interpreting the technological know-how that explains advantage improvement. The essays by way of Russell and driving force examine advantage cultivation or difficulties linked to it from Aristotelian and utilitarian views. Slote addresses advantage improvement from the sentimentalist perspective. Swanton and Cureton and Hill discover self-improvement, the previous with an eye fixed to delivering strategies to reviews of advantage ethics, the latter from a Kantian moral vantage aspect. Slingerland examines modern psychology in addition to advantage improvement within the Confucian culture to counter situationist criticisms of advantage ethics. Flanagan, Bucar, and Herdt learn how advantage is cultivated within the Buddhist, Islamic, and Christian traditions, respectively. Narvaez, Thompson, and McAdams supply descriptive insights from psychology into advantage improvement. the result's a suite of tremendous artistic essays that not just fills the present hole but additionally can provide to stimulate new paintings on a philosophically ignored but important subject
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Additional info for Cultivating Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology
When we learn about the available paths, we are reminded that we are not guaranteed the answers we wanted to have before we started investigating. And there is no reason to think that moral development is any less pathdependent than skills, those other sorts of getting better practically. So, virtue is messy. In fact, one of the most valuable lessons we might learn from studying skills is just how unavoidably messy virtue is. Where A ristotle on C ultivating V irtue ( 41 ) does that leave us? On a path-independent approach, results like these are devastating: we begin with an idealization of the virtuous person, only to find that, by all accounts, there is no way to get to that ideal from where real persons actually have to begin.
112 For example, on their view a random chessboard can be defined as one lacking goal-relevant structure: the pieces are so haphazardly arranged that the strategic opportunities they afford—or the “affordances”—are very unclear. 113 In such unstructured environments, Vicente and Wang predict that experts will show little or no advantage over novices. In a more structured environment, such A ristotle on C ultivating V irtue ( 35 ) as in a regular game of chess, strategies can be formulated with respect to goals like defending, capturing, and ultimately winning, and it is here that expertise makes an important difference.
8] 8b25–9a9). ). 96 A ristotle on C ultivating V irtue ( 31 ) This is not at all an unusual reading of Aristotle; if anything, it will probably seem utterly familiar. Here, we depict Aristotle as starting with a robust ethical ideal: the paradigmatic virtuous and wise person who always and unfailingly does the right thing. The idea that there could be such a person calls for explanation, of course—what could possibly ensure such perfect steadfastness? ” Notice that on this picture, the question of virtue cultivation is the question of looking up at such an ideal and asking how to get there from here.